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Gas Pipe

The gas pipe element is a pipe element with constant cross section (Figure 72) It is allowed to rotate about an axis at a constant rotational speed. In that case the distance from the center point of the entrance $ r_{in}$ and of the exit $ r_{out}$ to the rotational axis have to be specified.

Figure 72: Geometry of the Gas Pipe element
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Gaspipe.eps,width=11cm}\end{figure}

The friction parameter is determined as

$\displaystyle f=\frac{64}{\text{Re}}$ (12)

for laminar flow ( Re$ <2000$) and

$\displaystyle \frac{1}{\sqrt{f}} = -2.03 \log \left( \frac{2.51}{\text{Re}\sqrt{f}} + \frac{k_s}{3.7 D} \right).$ (13)

for turbulent flow. Here, $ k_s$ is the diameter of the material grains at the surface of the pipe and Re is the Reynolds number defined by

Re$\displaystyle = \frac{U D}{\nu},$ (14)

where $ U$ is the liquid velocity and $ \nu$ is the kinematic viscosity. A gas pipe is described by the following parameters (to be specified in that order on the line beneath the *FLUID SECTION,TYPE=GAS PIPE ADIABATIC or *FLUID SECTION,TYPE=GAS PIPE ISOTHERMAL card):

The default gas pipe is adiabatic, i.e. there is no heat exchange with the pipe. Alternatively, the user may specify that the pipe element is isothermal. This means that the static temperature does not change within the pipe. In that case the energy equation in one of the two corner nodes of the element is replaced by a isothermal condition.

The form factor $ \varphi$ is only used to modify the friction expression for non-circular cross sections in the laminar regime as follows:

$\displaystyle f=\varphi \frac{64}{\text{Re}}.$ (15)

Values for $ \varphi$ for several cross sections can be found in [12]. For a square cross section its value is 0.88, for a rectangle with a height to width ratio of 2 its value is 0.97.


Example files: gaspipe10, gaspipe8-cfd-massflow, gaspipe8-oil.


next up previous contents
Next: Gas Pipe (Fanno) Up: Fluid Section Types: Gases Previous: Carbon Seal   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06