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Characteristic

Sometimes a network element is described by its characteristic curve, expressing the reduced mass flow as a function of the pressure ratio (Figure 70). This allows the user to define new elements not already available.

Figure 70: Characteristic Curve
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Characteristic.eps,width=11cm}\end{figure}

The reduced flow is defined by

$\displaystyle Y=\frac{\dot{m} \sqrt{\theta_1}}{p_1},$ (10)

where $ \dot{m}$ is the mass flow, $ \theta_1$ is the upstream total temperature and $ p_1$ is the upstream total pressure. The abscissa of the curve is defined by

$\displaystyle X=\frac{p_1 -p_2}{p_1},$ (11)

where $ p_2$ is the downstream total pressure. The characteristic curve is defined by the following parameters (to be specified in that order on the line beneath the *FLUID SECTION, TYPE=CHARACTERISTIC card):

Use more cards if more than three pairs are needed. No more than 9 pairs are allowed. In between the data points CalculiX performs an interpolation (solid line in Figure 70). In addition, the default point (0,0) is added as first point of the curve.

The scaling factor (first entry) is used to scale the ordinate values Y.


Example files: characteristic.


next up previous contents
Next: Carbon Seal Up: Fluid Section Types: Gases Previous: Straight and Stepped Labyrinth   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06