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Straight and Stepped Labyrinth

A labyrinth is used to prevent the gas from leaking through the space between a rotating and a static device and thus reducing the efficiency. The leaking air is trapped in the successive stages of a labyrinth. It can be straight (Figure 68) or stepped (Figure 69). A stepped labyrinth is used if the gas is compressed or expanded, leading to a decreasing and increasing diameter of the rotating device, respectively. In a stepped labyrinth the static device is usually covered by a honeycomb structure.

A LABYRINTH can be single (only one spike) or multiple (more than one spike). Only in the latter case the distinction between a straight and stepped labyrinth makes sense. Therefore, there are three kinds of labyrinths: single, straight or stepped.

Figure 68: Geometry of straight labyrinth
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Straightlabyrinth.eps,width=11cm}\end{figure}

Figure 69: Geometry of stepped labyrinth
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Steppedlabyrinth.eps,width=11cm}\end{figure}

The geometry of a labyrinth can be fixed or flexible during a calculation. For a fixed geometry the gap distance s is constant. For a flexible geometry this gap is defined as the distance between two nodes. These nodes have to be genuine structural nodes and should not belong to the fluid network. In a thermomechanical calculation this distance can vary during the computation. Whether the geometry is fixed or flexible is defined by the TYPE parameter.

The formula governing the flow through a labyrinth has been derived in [17] and for the discharge coefficients use was made of [40], [36], [13] and [72]. A fixed labyrinth is described by the following parameters (to be specified in that order on the line beneath the *FLUID SECTION, TYPE=LABYRINTH SINGLE, TYPE=LABYRINTH STRAIGHT or TYPE=LABYRINTH STEPPED card):

A flexible labyrinth is described by the following parameters (to be specified in that order on the line beneath the *FLUID SECTION, TYPE=LABYRINTH FLEXIBLE SINGLE, TYPE=LABYRINTH FLEXIBLE STRAIGHT or TYPE=LABYRINTH FLEXIBLE STEPPED card):

Please look at the figures for the meaning of these parameters. Depending on the kind of labyrinth, not all parameters may be necessary.


Example files: labyrinthstepped, labyrinthstraight.


next up previous contents
Next: Characteristic Up: Fluid Section Types: Gases Previous: Preswirl Nozzle   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06