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*SPRING

Keyword type: model definition

With this option the force-displacement relationship can be defined for spring elements. There is one required parameter ELSET and one optional parameter NONLINEAR. With the parameter ELSET the element set is referred to for which the spring behavior is defined. This element set should contain spring elements of type SPRINGA only. With the parameter NONLINEAR the user can specify that the behavior of the spring is nonlinear, default is a linear behavior.


First line:

Second line: enter a blank line

Following line if the parameter NONLINEAR is not used:

Repeat this line if needed to define complete temperature dependence.


Following sets of lines define the force-displacement curve if the parameter NONLINEAR is active: First line in the first set:

Use as many lines in the first set as needed to define the complete force-displacement curve for this temperature.

Use as many sets as needed to define complete temperature dependence.

Example:

*SPRING,ELSET=Eall
10.

defines a linear spring constant with value $ 10.$ for all elements in element set Eall and all temperatures.

Example:

*SPRING,ELSET=Eall,NONLINEAR
0.,0.,293.
10.,1.,293.
100.,2.,293.
0.,0.,393.
5.,1.,393.
25.,2.,393.

defines a nonlinear spring characterized by a force-displacement curve through (0,0),(10,1),(100,2) for a temperature of 293. and through (0,0),(5,1),(25,2) for a temperature of 393. The first scalar in the couples is the force, the second is the elongation of the spring. This spring behavior applies to all elements in element set Eall. Notice that for displacements outside the defined range the force is kept constant. For instance, in the example above the force for an elongation of 3 at a temperature of 293 will be 100.


Example files: spring1, spring2, spring3, spring4, spring5.


next up previous contents
Next: *STATIC Up: Input deck format Previous: *SPECIFIC HEAT   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06