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*ORIENTATION

Keyword type: model definition

This option may be used to specify a local axis system X'-Y'-Z' to be used for defining material properties. For now, rectangular and cylindrical systems can be defined, triggered by the parameter SYSTEM=RECTANGULAR (default) and SYSTEM=CYLINDRICAL.

A rectangular system is defined by specifying a point a on the local X' axis and a point b belonging to the X'-Y' plane but not on the X' axis. A right hand system is assumed (Figure 116).

Figure 116: Definition of a rectangular coordinate system
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Rect.eps,width=10cm}\end{figure}

When using a cylindrical system two points a and b on the axis must be given. The X' axis is in radial direction, the Z' axis in axial direction from point a to point b, and Y' is in tangential direction such that X'-Y'-Z' is a right hand system (Figure 117).

Figure 117: Definition of a cylindrical coordinate system
\begin{figure}\epsfig{file=Cyl.eps,width=10cm}\end{figure}

The parameter NAME, specifying a name for the orientation so that it can be used in an element property definition (e.g. *SOLID SECTION) is required (maximum 80 characters).


First line:

Second line:

Example:

*ORIENTATION,NAME=OR1,SYSTEM=CYLINDRICAL
0.,0.,0.,1.,0.,0.

defines a cylindrical coordinate system with name OR1 and axis through the points (0.,0.,0.) and (1.,0.,0.). Thus, the x-axis in the global coordinate system is the axial direction in the cylindrical system.


Example files: beampo2.


next up previous contents
Next: *PHYSICAL CONSTANTS Up: Input deck format Previous: *NSET   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06