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Keyword type: step

This option allows concentrated forces to be applied to any node in the model which is not fixed by a single or multiple point constraint. Optional parameters are OP, AMPLITUDE, TIME DELAY, USER, LOAD CASE and SECTOR. OP can take the value NEW or MOD. OP=MOD is default and implies that the concentrated loads applied to different nodes are kept over all steps starting from the last perturbation step. Specifying a force in a node for which a force was defined in a previous step replaces this value. OP=NEW implies that all previously applied concentrated loads are removed. If multiple *CLOAD cards are present in a step this parameter takes effect for the first *CLOAD card only.

The AMPLITUDE parameter allows for the specification of an amplitude by which the force values are scaled (mainly used for nonlinear static and dynamic calculations). Thus, in that case the values entered on the *CLOAD card are interpreted as reference values to be multiplied with the (time dependent) amplitude value to obtain the actual value. At the end of the step the reference value is replaced by the actual value at that time. In subsequent steps this value is kept constant unless it is explicitly redefined or the amplitude is defined using TIME=TOTAL TIME in which case the amplitude keeps its validity.

The AMPLITUDE parameter applies to all loads specified by the same *CLOAD card. This means that, by using several *CLOAD cards, different amplitudes can be applied to the forces in different coordinate directions in one and the same node. An important exception to this rule are nodes in which a transformation applies (by using the *TRANSFORM card): an amplitude defined for such a node applies to ALL coordinate directions. If several are defined, the last one applies.

The TIME DELAY parameter modifies the AMPLITUDE parameter. As such, TIME DELAY must be preceded by an AMPLITUDE name. TIME DELAY is a time shift by which the AMPLITUDE definition it refers to is moved in positive time direction. For instance, a TIME DELAY of 10 means that for time t the amplitude is taken which applies to time t-10. The TIME DELAY parameter must only appear once on one and the same keyword card.

If the USER parameter is selected the concentrated load values are determined by calling the user subroutine cload.f, which must be provided by the user. This applies to all nodes listed beneath the *CLOAD keyword. Any load values specified following the degree of freedom are not taken into account. If the USER parameter is selected, the AMPLITUDE parameter has no effect and should not be used.

The LOAD CASE parameter is only active in *STEADY STATE DYNAMICS calculations. LOAD CASE = 1 means that the loading is real or in-phase. LOAD CASE = 2 indicates that the load is imaginary or equivalently phase-shifted by $ 90 ^\circ$. Default is LOAD CASE = 1.

The SECTOR parameter can only be used in *MODAL DYNAMIC and *STEADY STATE DYNAMICS calculations with cyclic symmetry. The datum sector (the sector which is modeled) is sector 1. The other sectors are numbered in increasing order in the rotational direction going from the slave surface to the master surface as specified by the *TIE card. Consequently, the SECTOR parameters allows to apply a point load to any node in any sector. However, no local coordinate system is allowed in a node in which a force is applied in a sector different from the datum sector. Furthermore, the force defined by the used (in the global system) is simply copied to the appropriate sector without changing its direction. The user must make sure the direction of the force is the one needed in the destination sector.

First line:

Following line:

Repeat this line if needed.



removes all previous point load forces and applies a force with magnitude 10.3 and amplitude A1 (shifted in positive time direction by 20 time units) for degree of freedom three (global if no transformation was defined for node 1000, else local) of node 1000.

Example files: achtelp, beamdelay.

next up previous contents
Next: *COMPLEX FREQUENCY Up: Input deck format Previous: *CHANGE PLASTIC   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06