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Materials

A material definition starts with a *MATERIAL key card followed by material specific cards such as *ELASTIC, *EXPANSION, *DENSITY, *HYPERELASTIC, *HYPERFOAM, *DEFORMATION PLASTICITY, *PLASTIC, *CREEP or *USER MATERIAL. To assign a material to an element, the *SOLID SECTION card is used. An element can consist of one material only. Each element in the structure must have a material assigned. Some types of loading require specific material properties: gravity loading requires the density of the material, temperature loading requires the thermal expansion coefficient. A material property can also be required by the type of analysis: a frequency analysis requires the material's density.

Some of the material cards are mutually exclusive, while others are interdependent. Exactly one of the following is required: *ELASTIC, *HYPERELASTIC, *HYPERFOAM, *DEFORMATION PLASTICITY and *USER MATERIAL. The keyword *PLASTIC must be preceded by *ELASTIC(,TYPE=ISO). The same applies to the *CREEP card. A *PLASTIC card in between the *ELASTIC and *CREEP card defines a viscoplastic material. The other keywords can be used according to your needs.

If any of the materials defined in the input deck is not a linear elastic material, geometric nonlinearities are automatically taken into account (i.e. NLGEOM is activated). This does not apply to user-defined materials: here the user can switch between geometric linear and geometric nonlinear calculations by omitting or including the NLGEOM parameter on the *STEP card.



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next up previous contents
Next: Linear elastic materials Up: Theory Previous: Contact   Contents
guido dhondt 2012-10-06